How do Mycoal Warmers work?

Disposable hand warmers work through an exothermic reaction, releasing heat from the chemical process of iron oxidation. Here’s a breakdown of how they operate:

  1. Ingredients: Disposable hand warmers typically contain a mixture of iron powder, water, salt, and activated carbon. The iron powder serves as the fuel for the reaction, while the water and salt provide the necessary components for the oxidation process. Activated carbon acts as a catalyst, speeding up the oxidation reaction.
  2. Activation: To activate the hand warmer, you simply open the packet, exposing the ingredients to air. This allows oxygen to access the iron powder, initiating the oxidation reaction.
  3. Oxidation Reaction: Iron oxidation, also known as rust formation, is an exothermic reaction, meaning it releases heat as the iron reacts with oxygen to form iron oxide (Fe2O3). The activated carbon serves as a catalyst, accelerating the oxidation process and generating heat more efficiently.
  4. Heat Production: As the iron oxidizes, the heat produced is trapped within the hand warmer’s packaging, which helps maintain the warmth. The heat can last for several hours, depending on the specific hand warmer design and the amount of iron powder present.
  5. Deactivation: Once the iron powder has completely oxidized and formed iron oxide, the reaction stops and the hand warmer stops generating heat. The hand warmer is then considered deactivated and ready for disposal.

Disposable hand warmers are a convenient and portable way to keep your hands warm in cold weather. They are battery-free, making them easy to use and environmentally friendly. However, they do have a limited lifespan, as they rely on a chemical reaction that eventually depletes the iron powder. After they are cooled please dispose in regular household waste.